AntiHack.me is a Singaporean Bug Bounty Platform site. After seeing this platform well known, I decided to create an account there. After successfully creating an account, the user will be provided with information regarding the Bug Bounty Program found at AntiHack, and the AntiHack site itself is included in the program.
VULNERABILITY I (Local File Disclosure)
When accessing the https://www.antihack.me/blog page, the website will display Popup Modal which contains an invitation to subscribe to AntiHack Magazine, which is an E-Zine made by them. The process is by entering some information in the field provided, then pressing the Submit button. After the Submit button is pressed, the user will be directed to the link to download the E-Zine. Following is the form of the link:
From this structure, it can be seen that the file
filedownload.php may have a Local File Disclosure vulnerability, where by using this file, we can download sensitive files that are on the server. I tried using curl like this:
[[email protected] ~]# curl https://www.antihack.me/filedownload.php?file=../../../../etc/passwd root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash daemon:x:1:1:daemon:/usr/sbin:/usr/sbin/nologin bin:x:2:2:bin:/bin:/usr/sbin/nologin sys:x:3:3:sys:/dev:/usr/sbin/nologin sync:x:4:65534:sync:/bin:/bin/sync games:x:5:60:games:/usr/games:/usr/sbin/nologin man:x:6:12:man:/var/cache/man:/usr/sbin/nologin
It can be seen that the file
filedownload.php really has a vulnerability so we can download files on the server. Because the AntiHack.me website uses Laravel, then I try to get the config file, which is in the
[[email protected] ~]# curl https://www.antihack.me/filedownload.php?file=../../../../var/www/html/.env DB_CONNECTION=mysql DB_HOST=localhost DB_PORT=3306 DB_DATABASE=antihack DB_USERNAME=antihack DB_PASSWORD= MAIL_DRIVER=smtp MAIL_HOST=smtp.zoho.com MAIL_PORT=465 [email protected] MAIL_PASSWORD=[ redacted ]
From this information, I obtain sensitive information such as user and database passwords. There is even an SMTP user and password used. I tried logging in using the SMTP user and password obtained and it’s worked XD.
VULNERABILITY II (IDOR Delete Any File on AntiHack.me Server)
As on other Bug Bounty websites, there is a feature for reporting vulnerability found. There is also an attach file feature to add image or video files to complete the report that we send. After finishing uploading the file on the report form, an X button appears which serves to delete the file that was just uploaded, of course the function is to delete the file if we incorrectly upload the report file.
When the button is clicked, the process runs like this:
POST /php/ajax_remove_file.php HTTP/1.1 Host: www.antihack.me User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:60.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/60.0 Accept: */* Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate Referer: https://www.antihack.me/hacker_inbox Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8 X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest Content-Length: 21 Cookie: [ redacted ] Connection: close file=35C2XxQY_400x400.png
Unfortunately there is no validation of any files that may be deleted. By manipulating the values of the
file parameters we can delete any files contained on the AntiHack.me server.
For more details, please see the following GIF:
In my trial I tried to delete files with several different extensions, but I did not try to delete files outside the website folder because I was worried that they might interfere and even damage the website.
Those are some of the vulnerabilities that were found on the Anti Hack.me website. Currently all of these vulnerabilities have been fixed by AntiHack.me.
2019-01-03: Bug reported 2019-01-04: Triaged 2019-01-06: Bug Fixed 2019-01-09: Report Resolved 2019-01-09: Swag Rewarded
- CWE-200 : Information Exposure
- CWE-284: Improper Access Control